Blue German Shepherd: Ultimate Guide

by David

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You might have only seen the iconic black and tan German Shepherd. There are many other unique colors of this breed. You will discover another one here, so stay tuned with this article.

The Blue German Shepherd is among the rarest and most beautiful of this breed. They are recognized as purebred dogs by the official breed standards.

A blue German Shepherd is not traditionally blue like the shades of ocean and sky. It is classified based on color combinations and special markings, just like sable blue. This dog is quite similar to the standard breed but has different physical and temperament traits. So, if you are looking to have a Blue German Shepherd as your pet. You need to gather some information regarding this breed. Let just get started:

German Shepherd History

A German Shepherd is a large-sized breed of dogs that originated in Germany in the early 19th century. They were working dogs developed for guarding sheep and herding. The dogs were bred to preserve traits so that they help in protecting sheep flocks from predators. In Germany, this practice was common in local communities where shepherds bred dogs. Dogs were selected based on their skills necessary for herding sheep. These skills include strength, speed, intelligence, and a strong sense of smell.

Shepherds got the required result from breeding, but the resulting dogs were very different in appearance and abilities.

Blue German Shepherds Are Rare

A blue German Shepherd is one of the rarest color variations of this breed. They have a greyish tone that sometimes appears to be dark and powdery blue. This trait results from a recessive gene associated with the gene responsible for the black coat. This causes the blue fur to appear in combinations with tan patches or alone.

Another striking feature of this breed is that these dogs have blue eyes. Although, when they reach 6 months of age, their eyes turn light brown or amber.

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Blue color genetics

The blue German Shepherd breed is created, and it inherits a double blue recessive gene. A blue German Shepherd is simply one color variation of this breed. They are distinctive as they have a blue color coat and blue eyes as well. There are three variations in a blue German Shepherd dog, i.e., blue & sable, blue & tan, and blue & black.

The color of a German Shepherd is determined by genetics. This breed has two types of genes that define the color and appearance of a dog. One type dictates if a dog has markings and how they are distributed on the fur. The other type decides the color of the fur!


As mentioned earlier, a blue German Shepherd is only different regarding the color tone. It has the same appearance as a standard German Shepherd. This breed has a large size, and the males are heavy & taller than the females.

This breed has a dome-shaped head with a long square muzzle. Their necks are long, and their ears are erected, which shows how alert they are. Some people say that Blue German Shepherds are larger than most of the variations. German Shepherds possess a very strong body structure as they resemble their ancestors, i.e., wolves.


The keepers of German Shepherds say that this dog is very friendly and family-oriented. They are working dogs and believe that their job is to protect your family. They are known for being watchful and alert.

Blue GSD’s sometimes bark when feeling in danger. Being social for your German Shepherd is essential.

With proper socialization, they will learn how to interact with family and known people. This breed of dogs is very active and playful. They love to go outside for physical exercise and activities. They need mental stimulation as they are very intelligent and do not like to be left alone.

Blue GSD’s can get bored if left alone for a longer period. Separation can make your German Shepherd anxious and stressed, which can result in destructive behaviors. Avoid having this breed of dog if you cannot give them proper time.


The Blue German Shepherd often has a medium-length outer coat with a dense undercoat. Because they have an undercoat, they are heavy shedders, and therefore you should brush them 2 to 3 times a week.

During shedding seasons you should brush them every day to keep their coat manageable.

They should also be bathed every 6 to 8 weeks to keep them clean, but also to assist with their shedding. Specialist shedding products can be purchased to assist in the management of their coat. They can also carry a longer coat, but it’s less common than having a medium length.

Check your dog’s ears, teeth, toes, and nails for any infection.

We have a full guide here on 7 Simple Steps for German Shepherd Grooming for more useful information on this topic.

Exercise Requirements

The Blue German Shepherd is a super active dog and needs some sort of exercise routine to utilize all the pack energy. You can choose to brisk walk them for one hour daily or a normal walking routine of a mile. Any activity, including jumping, running, fetching, would do the job for you.

The Blue German Shepherd is an intelligent species and learns various advanced skills like fetching, walking on the treadmill, etc.


Akin to every active dog breed, the Blue GSD requires many calories to maintain its active routine. Your pet may require up to 2200 calories every day, depending on the level of activity and exercise routine.

Feeding your excessive dog food without exercise or an active routine could cause bloating issues in your canine.

Check out our article on 11 proven German Shepherd Diet Tips for more on food.

When it comes to what food to buy for your German Shepherd, it can be tough to choose.

From talking to literally thousands of German Shepherd owners, there is a real range of different companies who make great food. There are 2 that companies that owners generally seem to be very happy with:

Royal Canin German Shepherd Food for Adults – You can buy this from Amazon here.

Royal Canin German Shepherd Food for Puppies – You can buy this from Amazon here.

Victor Hi-Pro Plus – You can buy this from Amazon here.

Common Health Issues

A Blue GSD is prone to health issues similar to that of a normal German Shepherd.

  •         Obesity
  •         Von Willebrand’s Disease
  •         Skin issues
  •         Panosteitis
  •         Digestive Issues
  •         Heart Disease
  •         Cancer
  •         Epilepsy
  •         Hip Dysplasia
  •         Joint Problems, such as osteoarthritis. Get them started on a joint-care supplement regime.
    Check out K9 SuperHeroes – Maximum Joint Protection Supplement for German Shepherds here.

Price and breeders

As they are rare, this creates high demand, and that makes them quite expensive. A regular untrained blue German Shepherd costs $1200 to $1500. Trained ones are more expensive, depending on the breeders.

Dogs that are specially trained for security purposes that law enforcement officers use are more expensive. Even without the training, a blue German Shepherd is relatively more costly because of the rare color. A puppy of the blue German Shepherd is 3 times expensive than a puppy of a regular German Shepherd.

Expensive to breed

You will be paying so much extra for a Blue German Shepherd as they are expensive to breed. If you are buying a blue German Shepherd for breeding purposes, you need to buy a pair to get your desired trait. Due to the rarity, even the fee for a stud is quite higher than normal. It clarifies that if you are earning an average amount of money, then having a blue German Shepherd is not easy for you.


A German Shepherd needs proper care and time to live a healthy and active life. The average lifespan of a blue German Shepherd is between 9 to 13 years. This is the same as a regular German Shepherd dog.

Only healthy dogs reach the highest level of their age. To keep your German Shepherd healthy throughout his/her lifespan, you need to take care of its diet and health as well. The food should be protein full, and the daily life should be according to their athletic nature.

Final thoughts

The Blue German Shepherd is a rare breed of GSD family. These dogs are loyal and loving that makes them an excellent member of your family. Their unique gene gives them a blue coat. These doggies have the same attributes as other GSDs. They are excellent companions and protectors as well.


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